1. There is continued development along the coastline without due regard for climate change, flood risk, erosion risk.

  2. The area is experiencing a loss of mature and old-growth forests due to clear-cutting and all types of development.

  3. The province has inadequate wetland mapping, allowing developers to fill in in non-registered wetlands.

  4. Traditional agricultural practices (tilling and spraying) create run-off that may impact well-water quality.

  5. With some limited exceptions, all development is unserviced – which means individual wells and septic systems on each lot. The only central wastewater system in the area is operated by the Green Acres Trailer Park, while there are 15 shared private water systems in the municipality, mostly associated with campgrounds and cottage developments. Increased development pressures could put a strain on natural drinking water sources. 

  6. Cornwall’s municipal wellfield extends into the Rural Municipality’s land base

  1. The land-use planning exercise is an opportunity to consider the protection of salmon spawning areas along the West River. 

  2. Zoning can facilitate the identification of unique eco-systems (e.g., old-growth forest).

  3. The bylaw can clarify what constitutes wetlands for development control purposes.

  4. Should central servicing become necessary, the municipality is adjacent to Cornwall’s water and sewer infrastructure.
  5. The municipality can protect its citizens and their properties by instituting climate change adaptation measures (i.e., controls in flood plains).

  6. The larger population base gives the municipality the opportunity to offer community members access to green energy programming.

  7. Accommodations for renewable energy development can be built into the zoning by-law.

  1. What are the key differences in land use priorities between inland and coastal residents? Do we need to create different policies for these areas or can we strike a balance between priorities?

  2. Is there support for the development of renewable energy sources (wind, solar) within the municipality by individuals? 

  3. Is preservation of farmland a priority for this municipality? Are ongoing agricultural activities perceived to be in conflict with other land uses in the area?

  4. Is supporting local food production a priority for this community? Is local food security a priority? If so, does the municipality want to develop permissive policies to support food growing, harvesting, packaging, and processing and/or sales, as well as other food-related activities? 

  5. How will changing seasons, more heat, and changing weather patterns impact the local community, from farmers to residents? What can be done from a planning perspective to mitigate these impacts or adapt to them?

  6. Is the municipality interested in reducing climate impacts through mitigation efforts (reducing carbon footprint)? What are the ways the municipality can adapt to projected climate impacts through policy and regulation? Should areas subject to flooding and erosion be protected through land-use control?

Environmental Background Study